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SUBJ/2023 CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS NAVAL HISTORY ESSAY CONTEST//
POC/Ms. K. Denise Rucker Krepp//LOC: WASHINGTON,
RMKS/1. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) announces the 2023 CNO Naval
History Essay Contest and calls for the submission of papers no later than 31
2. The Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC) is the lead for the
contest, and the U.S. Naval Institute (which has been sponsoring essay
contests since 1878) is supporting.
3. The CNO invites entrants to submit essays that apply lessons from
throughout naval history to solving today's Navy challenges. Entrants should
consider that today's era is marked by:
a. Determined and increasingly aggressive efforts by China and Russia to
coordinate their respective instruments of power (e.g., economic,
and military) to compete for commercial, geostrategic, political, and
military advantage and access.
b. Chinese and Russian expansion across the spectrum of military
operations (competition, crisis, and contingency) and domains (sea, air,
land, space,cyberspace, and electromagnetic spectrum).
c. The rise of China as an economic and maritime power and the
importance of the maritime domain as well as the need for the U.S. to
integrate Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard operations and multi-domain
operational concepts and capabilities.
d. The increased importance of navies, sea control, and allies and
partners in a globalized world where 90 percent of world trade (by volume)
and information travels via the seas or undersea cables.
e. The proliferation of advanced weaponry and the erosion of key U.S.
technological advantages that make it difficult for the U.S. to project power
to manage crises, deter aggression, and reassure allies and partners.
f. Fundamental strategic and technological shifts and advances that
promise to change the character and conduct of naval warfare and challenge
the Navy's ability to adapt conceptually and materially.
4. CNOs Intent: Engage and leverage the intellectual talents of the members
of the U.S. maritime services (i.e., the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard
as well as the Merchant Marine) and students, as defined below, to provide
insights and catalyze discussion on how to establish and maintain maritime
superiority in an era of great power competition.
5. Eligibility. Essays will be accepted from entrants qualified in the
Professional Category, the Rising Category, or the Student Category.
a. Professional Category:
(1) Historians, professors, history curators, archivists, and persons
with history-related doctoral degrees;
(2) Authors of books on naval history (not including self-published
(3) Civilians who have published articles in an established
historical or naval journal or magazine.
b. Rising Category: Those that do not fall in the Professional Category
and are either:
(1) Active duty, reservists, veterans, and federal civilian personnel
of the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Merchant Marine; or
(2) Members of foreign militaries that have orders and are serving in
an official billet in one of the above Services.
c. Midshipmen and Cadet Category:
(1) Students enrolled at the United States Naval Academy, United
States Coast Guard Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, and
the State Maritime Academies or
(2) Students enrolled in an Official Naval ROTC Program.
6. Submission Requirements:
a. Deadline: 2359 Eastern Standard Time, 31 May 2023.
b. Word Count: Excluding footnotes, endnotes, or sources, no more than
3,500 words for Professional Category essays and no more than 3,000 words for
Rising Category essays.
c. Co-authoring: For the Rising Historian category, an essay may be
co-authored, but both authors have to be qualified in the Rising Category.
d. Submissions must be the authors or co-authors original work, neither
previously published nor currently under consideration for publication, nor
previously submitted to the CNO Naval History Essay Contest.
e. Entrants may submit multiple essays, but the judging panel will
select only one winning essay per entrant.
f. Essays shall be submitted electronically as a Microsoft Word
attachment via the appropriate link: Professional Category
essay-contest-professional-historian) or Rising Category
essay-contest-rising-historian). When filling out the electronic form,
the short biography should detail the authors or author’s eligibility
for the contest.
g. On the essays title page, include the word count (excluding
footnotes/endnotes, and sources). Essays are judged in the blind; please do
not include the name of the author or authors anywhere in the essay.
7. Essays will be judged on the following criteria:
a. Relevance to the topic;
c. Thoroughness of research;
d. Quality of insights based on historical events; and
e. Uniqueness and novelty of ideas presented.
8. All essays will be judged in the blind. A six-person panel will select
the winning essay, the second-place essay, and the third-place essay for the
Rising Category, while a different six-person panel will select the winning
and runner-up essays in the Professional Category.
9. The winning authors will receive:
a. Invitational travel orders to the 2023 CNO Naval History Essay
Contest Awards Reception (to be determined) to meet the CNO and potentially
present their papers.
b. Cash prizes (courtesy of the U.S. Naval Institute). (Note: cash
prizes of co-authors will be split equally):
(1) First Place - $5,000 (Professional and Rising Historians);
(2) First Place - $4,000 (Students);
(3) Second Place - $2,500 (Professional and Rising Historians);
(4) Second Place - $2,000 (Students);
(5) Third Place - $1,500 (Rising Historian); and
(6) Third Place - $1,000 (Students).
c. Publication of the essays in the U.S. Naval Institute's Proceedings
and Naval History periodicals (first-place essays) and on the NHHC website
(all winning essays). Some non-winning essays may also be selected for
d. Copper sheathing from USS CONSTITUTION (provided by NHHC).
e. Recognition on NHHCs website.
f. A one-year U.S. Naval Institute membership and a one-year
subscription to Naval History magazine (courtesy of the U.S. Naval
a. Director, NHHC shall:
(1) Coordinate receipt, acknowledgment, and blind judging of
(2) Nominate two senior staff members to serve as judges; one for
(3) Coordinate with the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
(OPNAV), U.S. Naval Academy, Naval War College, Naval Postgraduate School,
and the U.S. Naval Institute, each of which shall nominate two judges, one
for each category;
(4) Coordinate announcing the contest winners;
(5) Coordinate the 2023 CNO Naval History Essay Contest Awards
Reception with the U.S. Naval Institute and invitational travel for the
(6) Coordinate publication of winning and selected essays; and
(7) Capture and forward lessons learned.
11. For more details about the contest, please
For questions, please contact Ms. K. Denise Rucker Krepp,
NHHC: email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
For advice and guidance on writing essays, please email
12. Released by Mr. Andrew S. Haeuptle, Director, Navy Staff.//