R 011834Z MAY 20 MID510001157132U
FM CNO WASHINGTON DC
INFO CNO WASHINGTON DC
CMC WASHINGTON DC
PASS TO OFFICE CODES:
FM CNO WASHINGTON DC//DNS//
MSGID/GENADMIN/CNO WASHINGTON DC/DNS/APR//
SUBJ//NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE IDEAS AND ONLINE RESOURCES TO SUPPORT FLEET
LEARNING AND AT-HOME EDUCATION DURING THE PANDEMIC//
REF/A/DOC/CNO FRAGO 01/2019//
NARR/REF (A) ESTABLISHES THE IMPORTANCE CNO GILDAY PLACES ON FLEET LEARNING.
REF (B) TASKS NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE COMMAND TO DEVELOP LESSONS LEARNED
AND RESOURCES TO SUPPORT AND INFORM NAVY OPERATIONS, PLANS, AND PROGRAMS.
RMKS/1. Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) ADM Michael M. Gilday is committed
to taking every opportunity during this time to support and enhance fleet
As he noted in FRAGO 01/2019, "Learning is the ultimate warfare enabler and
the intellectual development of our Sailors provides our most critical
2. This NAVADMIN provides Navy leaders with ideas and online resources on
how to apply naval history and heritage to increase warfighting
effectiveness. It also provides resources for the at-home education of
school-age children. This NAVADMIN addresses NHHC’s online resources. To
easily access all these resources, visit NHHC's website at
3. Navy leaders of all levels are encouraged to take the opportunity during
this time to apply the lessons of naval history and heritage.
A critical capability and indispensable leadership tool at any time, studying
naval history is even more important in eras of great power competition and
fundamental changes in technology that threaten to change the character of
naval warfare and challenge the Navy's ability to adapt.
a. Studying naval history sharpens the ability of Navy leaders to think
critically about the future and isolate what they need to think about.
b. Examining how naval leaders confronted similar challenges and created
and leveraged comparative advantages shortens learning cycles.
None of today’s challenges are new: how the Navy and Marine Corps grappled
with such issues in the past can and should inform decisions today.
c. Reading about how Navy leaders from Fleet Admiral Ernest King to Cook
Third Class Doris Miller dealt with challenges and opportunities provides
indispensable insights on how to lead.
d. Studying history yields an understanding of the Navy’s institutional
beliefs, core values, and heritage of resilience that helps leaders set
expectations, foster esprit de corps, and instill a warfighting ethos.
4. Ideas and Online Resources for All Navy Leaders.
a. CNO Naval History Essay Contest: Form teams to think about topics and
write submissions to the 2020 CNO Naval History Essay Contest.
The deadline is 31 May. (See NAVADMIN 283/19 and
https://www.history.navy.mil/get-involved/essay-contest.html.) (Note: the
U.S. Naval Institute also supports and sponsors other essay contests. See
https://www.usni.org/essay-contests.) For ideas on topics and research
resources, see NHHC’s website, particularly the Research, Visit Our Museums,
and Browse By Topic tabs.
b. Professional Reading Programs: Form groups to select, read, and
discuss non-fiction works and novels from the CNO’s Professional Reading
Program, Commandant of the Marine Corps Reading List, and Coast Guard’s
(1) For the CNO’s list, see https://www.navy.mil/ah_online/CNO-
ReadingProgram/. Many of these are free at the NKO portal or logging-in to
the Navy General Library Program.
(2) For the Commandant’s list, see https://grc-usmcu.libguides.com/usmc
-reading-list. Again, many are free (also see
https://www.navymwrdigitallibrary.org/) and come in a variety of formats. For
discussion guides for many of these books, see https://grc-
(3) The Coast Guard’s list, which includes books, blogs, podcasts,
documentaries, and any other consumable media, can be found at
(4) To sample or borrow electronic books on current and prior
professional reading lists of all the three maritime services as well as
those of the Navy Surgeon General and NHHC-published books, see
c. Navy leaders are invited to inquire if authors of NHHC's published
works are available for virtual discussions. These books are free at
Regina Akers, The Navy’s First Enlisted Women: Patriotic Pioneers; Richard
Hulver and Peter Luebke, A Grave Misfortune: The USS INDIANAPOLIS Tragedy;
Norman Friedman, Winning a Future War: War Gaming and Victory in the Pacific
War; Alexandra Lohse and Jon Middaugh, Operation Torch: The American
Amphibious Assault on French Morocco; Norman Polmar and Edward Marolda, Naval
Air War: The Rolling Thunder Campaign; and John Sherwood, War in the
Shallows: U.S. Navy Coastal and Riverine Warfare in Vietnam, 196568. By
subject see https://www.history.navy.mil/research/publications/publications-
d Research and update the history of their unit or installation or in
the case of ships, research ships whose names they now bear. For NHHC's
research guide to units, see
page contains information for the other services’ history centers and
museums.) To research a unit's Command Operations Reports, Deck Logs, and
Combat Action Reports, seehttps://www.history.navy.mil/research/
For summary histories of ships and squadrons, see NHHC's respective
dictionaries; look under the Research tab on the NHHC website and then select
the Histories tab. COs and CMCs are encouraged to inquire if NHHC holds
artifacts from their commands or organizations and how NHHC might loan them
when operations return to normal. For information about NHHC's collection of
art, artifacts, and photographs, see https://www.history.navy.mil/our-
collections.html. NHHC has an extensive inventory of online images available
for reproduction. Leaders are also encouraged to plan milestone unit
anniversaries and commemorate fallen comrades and Navy-wide events like the
Navy Birthday, Battle of Midway, and Vietnam War.
For Navy-wide events, NHHC has online toolkits with information, graphics,
and talking points; see https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-
topic/commemorations-toolkits.html. For On-This-Day notes for PODs, see
can also assist PAOs to promote outreach for their unit’s commemorations;
e. Research how Navy leaders confronted similar challenges in the past,
how they applied history then, and how they built esprit de corps and unit
resilience. These individuals could include a ship’s namesake such as Rear
Admiral Grace Hopper and Sergeant Darrell S. Cole and other notable and
trail-blazing figures such as Rear Admiral Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. and Rear
Admiral Alene Duerk.
NHHC holds an expansive online biographies, which contains associated photos,
https://www.history.navy.mil/research/ histories/biographies-list.html, and
biographical-files-ndl.html. NHHC also has a multi-media gallery; see
For files of notable figures such as U.S. presidents, SECNAVs, CNOs, MCPONs,
Medal of Honor recipients, ship namesakes, and trailblazers, see
For oral histories, see https:// www.history.navy.mil/research/library/oral-
f. Research the top three warfighting challenges your unit or warfare
community may face and learn how past naval leaders addressed similar
challenges. Challenges(and historical antecedents) might include: anti-access
(kamikazes); expansion of threats to sea control across more domains
(Soviets in the 1960s); strategic planning in a fiscally restrained era
(interwar); economic warfare and strategic planning in a globalized era
(Royal Navy before WWI); strategic planning amid great power competition
(1980s); logistics (Pacific Campaign); forging institutional consensus
(1980s); Navy-Marine Corps integration (Pacific Campaign); developing C4I and
weapons systems (interwar, WWII, and Cold War); damage control (USS SAMUEL B.
ROBERTS); fleet response to pandemic (Spanish Influenza); fleet
experimentation and concept development (interwar); irregular and riverine
warfare (Vietnam and Operation Iraqi Freedom); ASW (WWII, 1960s-80s); race
and gender issues (CNO Zumwalt); use of the EMS (Vietnam) and space (late
Cold War); failing to learn (Operation Drumbeat, 1942); and failing to adapt
(battles off Guadalcanal).
For ideas, see https://www.history.navy.mil/ research.html, the Online
Reading Room at https://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-
room.html, and https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-topic.html. Leaders
are invited to send lists of challenges, antecedents, and sources to NHHC for
insights and recommendations.
g. Study the history of diversity in the Navy and plan commemorations
IAW heritage months: African-American History (February); Women’s History
(March); Asian Pacific American Heritage and Jewish American Heritage (May);
Gay Lesbian Pride (June); Hispanic-Latino Heritage (September); National
Disability Employment Awareness (October); and American Indian Heritage
(November). For a list of resources including content support, outreach
toolkits, timelines and photos, see https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-
5. Resources for the At-Home Education of School-Age Children.
a. USS CONSTITUTION has an online educational program called "A Sailor's
Life For Me!" See https://asailorslifeforme.org/. The program was created
by the USS CONSTITUTION Museum, The National Endowment for the Humanities,
and NHHC for the Bicentennial Commemoration of the War of 1812. The program
won a Bronze MUSE Award from the American Association of Museums.
It includes a game that entails experiencing the life of a Sailor on the
fabled frigate in 1812 and for teachers and students a list of resources,
lesson plans, and activities packaged for classroom integration.
b. Leaders are encouraged to use NHHC's ten museums for online
resources, exhibits, and collections, virtual tours, podcasts, and
educational programs, including lessons plans, resources, and activities for
(There are specific programs for STEM.) Leaders are encouraged to share the
below links with educators, parents, and students.
(Note: the amount of online content varies between the museums. Some do not
include virtual tours, while the National Naval Aviation Museum's virtual
tour is extensive.)
(1) National Museum of the U.S. Navy, Washington DC: https://www.
(2) National Naval Aviation Museum, Pensacola, FL (world’s third largest
aviation museum): http://www.navalaviationmuseum.org/;
(3) National Museum of the American Sailor, Great Lakes, IL: https://
(4) Hampton Roads Naval Museum, Norfolk, VA: https://www.history.navy
(5) U.S. Navy Seabee Museum, Port Hueneme, CA: https://www.history.
(6) Submarine Force Museum and USS NAUTILUS, Groton, CT: https://www.
(7) Naval Undersea Museum, Keyport, WA: https://www.history.navy.mil/
(8) Puget Sound Navy Museum, Bremerton, WA: https://www.history.navy.mil
(9) Naval War College Museum: RI: https://www.usnwc.edu/NWC-Museum;
(10) U.S. Naval Academy Museum: https://www.usna.edu/Museum/.
c. Leaders and their spouses are encouraged to explore the online
educational programs of NHHC and its museums. NHHC’s programs include
lessons plans (including STEM), resources, and activities for teachers,
parents, and elementary, middle, and high school-level students. NHHC’s
lesson plans have been designed by NHHC’s educators IAW the educational
requirements of Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, among
others. (See https://www.history.navy.mil/get-involved/for-educators.html.)
d. Apart from NHHC’s website, leaders are encouraged to explore NHHC’s
social media platforms, blog, and YouTube channel as well. NHHC’s
Facebook page (fourth largest in the Navy) can be found at
https://www.facebook.com/ USNHistory/. NHHC’s Twitter account is @USNHistory
and Instagram account is https://www.instagram.com/usnhistory/. NHHC’s
social media platforms are currently sharing Navy-themed movies with links to
its website where viewers will find information, associated naval operations,
and lessons about the era in which the film is set. The Facebook site also
contains an interactive live event from last summer “Ready and Resilient:
The Fight to Save USS SAMUEL B. ROBERTS”. NHHC’s award-winning blog is “The
Sextant” (https://usnhistory. navylive.dodlive.mil/about -nhhc/). NHHC-
produced videos and documentaries (such as a 20-minute history of the Navy)
are available on its YouTube channel (https://www.youtube.com/usnhistory) as
well as thousands of other naval-related videos that can be used for ideas,
research, and learning.
6. NHHC Contact Information. For general enquiries, contact NHHC_DAG@
navy.mil. For enquires about outreach, contact NHHCPublicAffairs@navy.mil.
7. Released by Mr. Andrew S. Haeuptle, Director, Navy Staff.//